Where patients are able to use dialysing equipment at home, individual single-patient systems are installed. The water quality is just as important as with the central plant without the need for endotoxin removal from the loop.
There is ongoing discussion about the appropriate stages of filtration used in these systems as differing water qualities and elements are present in each. Some will use a depth or surface cartridge for sediment removal then a chlorine treatment cartridge, others use chloramine cartridges if chloramine is present and others will use Fibredyne cartridges to cover both sediment and chlorine removal. Combinations of all of these options are used and we recommend the use of each technology depending on the water quality.