Where patients are able to use dialysing equipment at home, individual single-patient systems are installed. The water quality is just as important as with the central plant without the need for endotoxin removal from the loop.
There is ongoing discussion about the appropriate stages of filtration used in these systems as differing water qualities and elements are present in each. Some will use a depth or surface cartridge for sediment removal then a chlorine treatment cartridge, others use chloramine cartridges if chloramine is present and others will use Fibredyne cartridges to cover both sediment and chlorine removal. Combinations of all of these options are used and we recommend the use of each technology depending on the water quality.
Stages of Filtration & Water Treatment
Prevents scale build up on tanks, pipework and equipment
Prevents debris, scale flakes, dirt and particle build up in pipework, tanks, equipment and where present, premature blinding of filtration stages further along the cascade.
Chlorine and Organics Removal
Helps the taste and odour of the liquid and where present, protects RO membranes from chemical attack.
Some utility companies use chloramine in place of chlorine as it lasts longer in the pipework, removing chloramine requires highly developed carbon technology.
Ion and Salts Removal
Very pure water is produced using reverse osmosis membranes to separate the majority of salts and ions from the feed water and sending the salts and ions to waste or re-circulation.
SPECTRUM SoftH₂O-FLO Water Softener
SPECTRUM Soft H₂O-FLO Water Softeners treat and soften water for residential use, with a brine tank and programmable valve, ready to install.
Pentair Fibredyne™ CFB-Plus Carbon Block Cartridge
The Pentair CFB-Plus cartridge uses advanced Fibredyne™ technology offers excellent flow to pressure drop ratio for a general purpose industrial carbon block.
A reverse osmosis membrane is a highly effective purification method to remove salts and ions to produce pure water.